Universal camouflage pattern

Все определения ACU

Акроним Определение
ACU Agrupacion католика Universitaria
ACU Amstrad компьютер пользователя
ACU Amtscentret для Undervisning
ACU Automóvil клуб-дель-Уругвай
ACU Combinary антенна
ACU Абилин – христианский университет
ACU Австралийский католический университет
ACU Автоматические катушки размотки
ACU Автоматическое обновление
ACU Азиатский клиринговый союз
ACU Альянс кредитный союз
ACU Амбулаторная сердечный блок
ACU Американская церковь союз
ACU Американского консервативного союза
ACU Антенна автосцеп
ACU Арифметика & блок управления
ACU Армия обычного пользователя
ACU Ассоциации центр Универс
ACU Ассоциация врачей за недостаточно
ACU Ассоциация университетов Содружества
ACU Блок автоматического вызова
ACU Блок автоматической калибровки
ACU Блок автономного управления
ACU Блок вызова авто
ACU Блок вычисления адреса
ACU Блок компьютера арм
ACU Блок очистки воздуха
ACU Блок сигнала подтверждения
ACU Блок сигнализации концентрации
ACU Блок управления
ACU Блок управления авионики
ACU Блок управления автопилота
ACU Блок управления антенной
ACU Блок управления аудио
ACU Блок управления отношение
ACU Блок управления самолетов
ACU Блок управления сигнализации
ACU Блок управления ускорение
ACU Блок управления фартук
ACU Блок усилителя конвертер
ACU Боевой форме армии
ACU Бронированное подразделение
ACU В ожидании класса вверх
ACU Воздушное пространство координационная группа
ACU Воздушный компрессор
ACU Кино Африканская группа
ACU Коллекция блок сигнала тревоги
ACU Кондиционер воздуха
ACU Площадь обычного пользователя
ACU Подразделение нападение ремесло
ACU Помощник C/Unix
ACU Расширенный боевой униформе
ACU Североатлантический совет Украины
ACU Союз Авто цикла
ACU Устройство аналогового преобразования
ACU Утилита Aironet клиента
ACU Утилита конфигурирования массива
ACU Церковь союз актеров

Что означает ACU в тексте

В общем, ACU является аббревиатурой или аббревиатурой, которая определяется простым языком. Эта страница иллюстрирует, как ACU используется в обмена сообщениями и чат-форумах, в дополнение к социальным сетям, таким как VK, Instagram, Whatsapp и Snapchat. Из приведенной выше таблицы, вы можете просмотреть все значения ACU: некоторые из них образовательные термины, другие медицинские термины, и даже компьютерные термины. Если вы знаете другое определение ACU, пожалуйста, свяжитесь с нами. Мы включим его во время следующего обновления нашей базы данных. Пожалуйста, имейте в информации, что некоторые из наших сокращений и их определения создаются нашими посетителями. Поэтому ваше предложение о новых аббревиатур приветствуется! В качестве возврата мы перевели аббревиатуру ACU на испанский, французский, китайский, португальский, русский и т.д. Далее можно прокрутить вниз и щелкнуть в меню языка, чтобы найти значения ACU на других 42 языках.

SelectionEdit

Phase IEdit

Test sitesEdit

There were a total of fifteen evaluations, which took place at Fort Benning, Fort Polk, Fort Irwin, Fort Lewis, and Yakima, Washington. The camouflage patterns were then rated on their blending, brightness, contrast, and detection by US Army Soldiers, during the daytime, and also at night using night vision devices.

Elimination of patternsEdit

Following testing, the Shadow Line pattern was eliminated entirely, along with the urban and desert/urban patterns of All Over Brush. All four of the Track patterns were accepted along with All Over Brush’s woodland and desert patterns.


Phase II & IIIEdit

The patterns were then modified and tested alongside a newly introduced «Contractor-Developed Mod» pattern, MultiCam. Near Infrared testing determined that black, medium gray, and medium tan were the only colors that gave acceptable performance.

Phase IV (system level)Edit

All four remaining patterns, desert Brush, MultiCam, Woodland Track, and Urban Track were then tested alongside each other in urban, woodland, and desert environments.

The desert Brush design received the best overall mean daytime visual rating. Contractor developed pattern received highest rating in woodland environments, but low ratings in desert and urban environments. Urban Track was generally the 3rd or 4th worst performer at each site, but was the best performer in nighttime environments. Infrared testing showed negligible differences in the performance of the four patterns. Natick rated the patterns from best to worst as: Desert Brush, Woodland Track Mod, Contractor-Developed Mod, and Urban Track.

History

Development

In early 2004, some U.S. Army soldiers in Iraq were issued the «Close Combat Uniform» a variant of the Desert Camouflage Uniform (DCU) that featured new features such as shoulder pockets affixed with hook-and-loop «Velcro» fasteners, chest-worn rank insignia, and a new collar. The experimental features used on the CCU were eventually incorporated into the ACU, which was publicly announced in June 2004.

Initial fielding

The process of replacing the U.S. Army’s BDUs and DCUs with the ACU was to set to begin in April 2005. However, the fielding process began two months earlier through the Rapid Fielding Initiative. Soldiers from the 48th Infantry Brigade Combat Team were the first in the U.S. Army to receive the ACU, subsequently deploying with them into Iraq in May 2005.


The ACU’s infrared tab, closed (left) and opened (right)

Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP)

The ACU of a U.S. Navy sailor attached to a U.S. Army unit during the Iraq War, August 2009

The ACU originally used the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which used a pixelated pattern of tan, gray and green (Desert Sand 500, Urban Gray 501 and Foliage Green 502) and was intended to work in desert, woodland, and urban environments. For uniforms, the pattern was fully phased out and replaced by the Operational Camouflage Pattern on 30 September 2019, though UCP remains in service in limited capacities such as on some cold weather overgear and older body armor.

Operation Enduring Freedom Pattern (MultiCam)

Beginning in late 2010 U.S. Army soldiers deployed to Afghanistan (starting with the 173rd Airborne Brigade) were issued an Army-developed variant of the Crye Precision «MultiCam» pattern, known as the Operation Enduring Freedom Pattern (OEF, OEF-CP, or OCP), which was far more effective for use in Afghanistan’s terrain. The flame-retardant variants of the uniforms are designed to prevent third-degree burns, along with up to thirty percent of second degree burns. Additionally, all uniforms are treated with the chemical permethrin to help protect soldiers from insect-borne diseases like malaria. Some U.S. Army soldiers during the latter stages of the Iraq War also wore the OEF patterned ACU; some were seen wearing them as late as December 2011, when the United States withdrew its military forces from the country at the end of the war.[citation needed] The MultiCam-patterned ACUs were retired in 2019 with the UCP-patterned ones.

Operational Camouflage Pattern (OCP)


In May 2014, the Army unofficially announced that the Operational Camouflage Pattern (OCP) would replace UCP on the ACU. The original «Scorpion» pattern was developed at United States Army Soldier Systems Center by Crye Precision in 2002 for the Objective Force Warrior program. Crye later modified and trademarked their version of the pattern as MultiCam, which was selected for use by U.S. soldiers and airmen in Afghanistan in 2010 as the Operation Enduring Freedom Pattern. After talks to officially adopt MultiCam broke down over costs in late 2013, the Army began experimenting with the original Scorpion pattern, creating a variant code named «Scorpion W2», noting that while a pattern can be copyrighted, a color palette cannot and that beyond 50 meters the actual pattern is «not that relevant.» The pattern resembles MultiCam with muted greens, light beige, and dark brown colors, but uses fewer beige and brown patches and no vertical twig and branch elements. On 31 July 2014, the Army formally announced that the pattern would begin being issued in uniforms in summer 2015. The official name is intended to emphasize its use beyond Afghanistan to all combatant commands. The OCP pattern fully replaced the UCP pattern on the ACU by 1 October 2019. ACUs printed in OCP first became available for purchase on 1 July 2015, with deployed soldiers already being issued uniforms and equipment in the new pattern.

The Air Force has also started to adopt the OCP Uniform from 2018 onward, with it slated to replace the Airman Battle Uniform by April 2021.

The U.S. Space Force has also adopted the OCP uniform, but with navy blue thread for ranks and tapes.

ControversyEdit

U.S. Army soldiers in May 2006, wearing the Universal Camouflage Pattern in Kunar province, Afghanistan.

The U.S. Army reported to the media that the basis for the UCP was the Urban Track pattern, which had been modified through the removal of black from the pattern and pixelated. Why the Urban Track pattern was used, given that it received the poorest ratings in visual detection from the Natick Soldier Center’s testing, was unexplained. The U.S. Army’s public explanation of UCP’s origin has been shown to be false, as visual comparisons of pattern samples have shown the UCP to be simply a re-colored version of the U.S. Marine Corps’ MARPAT scheme, which in turn was based on the earlier Canadian CADPAT camouflage pattern. A more recent explanation provided by the development team is one of political interference. Apparently they were advised to take the colours of the winning pattern and combine it with a pixelated pattern. This is unlikely to be a full explanation as the UCP colour scheme bears little resemblance to any version of the winning «desert Brush» scheme.

The omission of black in the color palette has been the subject of much debate. Black is generally perceived in camouflage schemes as shadow and a degree of black, or an alternative dark color (e.g. brown in desert patterns), invariably enhances a pattern’s disruptive effect. Some Soldiers have reported that the pattern is less than ideal in most environments, particularly jungle and tropical terrain. As the U.S. Army is currently involved in the Middle East, the uniform may have been biased towards the current operating environments.


When passed by the Senate, House of Representatives Bill 2346 required the Department of Defense to «take immediate action to provide combat uniforms to personnel deployed to Afghanistan with a camouflage pattern that is suited to the environment of Afghanistan.” The Army is currently evaluating alternative camouflage patterns to determine if this was a necessary action. In recent tests conducted by the U.S. Army’s Natick Soldier Center, results indicated that three other patterns did significantly better than UCP in desert and woodland environments. Currently four commercial submissions are being tested to replace UCP for Army use.

Upgrades Edit

Back Edit

C-D1 Shoulder Drone
Engineering Drone acts as a secondary Engineer. Assists the ACU where applicable.
2400 120 400

Adds an Assistant Engineer, the T1 Engineering Drone: C-D1 «Rover», that has a build rate of 5 and, while it can be commanded separately, it defaults back to the ACU after finishing any construction jobs. The C-D1 can fly.

C-D2 Shoulder Drone
Adds a second Engineering Drone. Requires an initial Engineering Drone.
2400 120 400

Adds a second Assistant Engineer, the T1 Engineering Drone: C-D2 «Rover». The C-D2 can also fly.

Personal Shield Generator
Creates a protective shield around the ACU. Requires Energy to run.
112500 1500 1500

Gives the ACU a shield of 24000 HP and a size of 3. It regenerates 35 HP per second, and redeploys after destruction in 2:20 (171 HP per second). Maintaining the shield costs 250 Energy per second.

Shield Generator Field
Expands the radius of the ACU’s personal shield. Requires Energy to run.
450000 3000 2000

Gives the ACU a shield of 36000HP and a size of 16. It regenerates 42 HP per second, and redeploys after destruction in 2:55 (206 HP per second). Maintaining the Shield costs 500 Energy per second.

Tactical Missile Launcher
Mounts a tactical cruise missile launcher onto the back of the ACU.
50000 1000 1000

This upgrade adds the ability of building and launching a Tactical Missile. The missile has 6000 damage and a homing ability. The Commander need not be inactive while the missiles are being constructed, and is free to do other tasks. It can also be launched from under water.

The ‘Billy’: Advanced Tactical Missile Launcher
Adds a short-range tactical nuke.
630000 10800 3600

This upgrade upgrades the Tactical missile launcher and allows the ACU to fire a nuclear warhead, but only fires at a 10x10km range and with a 50% smaller blast radius than a regular nuke. The warhead also deals less damage than a standard nuke, however only hearty units such as experimentals and a few other units can survive detonation. This upgrade requires the Tactical Missile Launcher. Launching will not trigger a Strategic Launch Warning, since it is a tactical missile, and as such can only be defeated by Tactical Missile Defense systems. Successful interception from TMD will prevent detonation, including TMD flare systems. This, like other tactical missiles, can be flight-altered by Cybran SAB Loyalists. Therefore, NEVER use this against a Cybran opponent, because if he has Loyalists in his base you could assassinate yourself. Using the ‘Billy’ with a T3 Engineering Suite upgrade will place a great strain on your economy; however these missiles can be built very quickly due to their low build time with even a modest end-game economy even under extreme economic strain (usually 8 seconds or less when assisted with 2 SCUs). As with the previous upgrade, the Commander need not be inactive while the missiles are being constructed, leaving them free to do other tasks, and can launch the missiles from underwater.

Personal Teleporter
Adds teleporter. Requires considerable Energy to activate.
1500000 15000 3000

This upgrade allows the ACU to teleport across a map, no matter the distance. This requires a tremendous amount of energy to perform (10000 per second for about 30 seconds) and, as such, should only be done in the late game.

Right Arm Edit

Zephyr Amplifier
Increases main cannon’s damage output by several factors. Also increases range of main cannon and Overcharge.
24000 800 800

Upgrades the ACU’s weapon radius to 30. Also gives the ACU a ZephyrDamageMod of 100.

Resource Allocation System
Increases ACU’s resource generation.
150000 5000 1000

Gives the ACU a new production rate of 3300 Energy per second and 14 Mass per second.

Left Arm Edit

Tech 2 Engineering Suite
Expands the number of available schematics and increases the ACU’s build speed and maximum health.
18000 720 900

This upgrade gives the ACU Tech 2 construction capabilities, and increases its build rate to 30. Also adds 3000 HP as well as an additional 20 HP/s regeneration rate.

Tech 3 Engineering Suite
Replaces the Tech 2 Engineering Suite. Expands the number of available schematics and further increases the ACU’s build speed and maximum health.
50000 2400 6000

This upgrade gives the ACU Tech 3 construction capabilities, and increases its build rate to 90. This upgrade requires the T2 Engineering Suite. Also adds 6000 HP as well as an additional 15 HP/s regeneration rate.

Nano-Repair System
Greatly increases the speed at which the ACU repairs itself.
225000 3000 2000

This upgrade enhances the ACU’s regeneration rate to 200 hp/s.

UEF Armored Command Unit

UEF ACU

UEF General Clarke ACU and Titan escorts in Forged Alliance Cinematic Intro

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Cancellation of UCP and replacementEdit

Main article: United States Army next-generation camouflage pattern

The United States Army is cancelling the Universal Camouflage Pattern and considers the $5 billion program to be a colossal mistake. The pattern has been determined to be very ineffective and has been widely unpopular amongst the rank and file for years. Army researchers are currently working on a new and better camouflage. Four new patterns are being tested to give soldiers different patterns suitable for different environments, plus a single neutral pattern, to be used on more expensive body armor and other gear. The selection will involve hundreds of computer trials as well on-the-ground testing at half a dozen locations around the world. The new camouflage patterns are scheduled to be put into field use by the end of 2013 or 2014.


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